The Australian Curriculum: History is organised into two interrelated strands:
Historical Knowledge and Understanding and Historical Skills.
The Australian Curriculum: History aims to ensure that students develop:
- interest in, and enjoyment of, historical study for lifelong learning and work, including their capacity and willingness to be informed and active citizens
- knowledge, understanding and appreciation of the past and the forces that shape societies, including Australian society
- understanding and use of historical concepts, such as evidence, continuity and change,
- capacity to undertake historical inquiry, including skills in the analysis and use of sources,
Historical Knowledge and Understanding
This strand includes personal, family, local, state or territory, national, regional and world history. There is an emphasis on Australian history in its world history context at Foundation to Year 10.
The strand includes a study of societies, events, movements and developments that have shaped world history from the time of the earliest human communities to the present day.
This strand explores key concepts for developing historical understanding, such as: evidence, continuity and change, cause and effect, significance, perspectives, empathy and contestability.
These concepts may be investigated within a particular historical context to facilitate an
understanding of the past and to provide a focus for historical inquiries.
This strand promotes skills used in the process of historical inquiry: chronology, terms and concepts; historical questions and research; the analysis and use of sources; perspectives and interpretations; explanation and communication. Within this strand there is an increasing emphasis on historical interpretation and the use of evidence.
The History component of the Australian Curriculum has been implemented in 2013 as a part of Society and Environment, as well as being integrated into each classroom through other learning areas, such as English.
The focus for each year level in the Australian Curriculum for History is as follows:
PrePrimary: Personal and Family Histories
Year 1: Present and Past Family Life
Year 2: The Past in the Present
Year 3: Community and Remembrance
Year 4: First Contacts
Year 5: The Australian Colonies
Year 6: Australia as a Nation
Year 7: The Ancient World
Geographical Inquiry and Skills
Geographical Inquiry is a process by which students learn about and deepen their understanding of geography. It involves individual or group investigations that start with geographical questions and proceed through the collection, evaluation, analysis and interpretation of information to the development of conclusions and proposals for actions. Inquiries may vary in scale and geographical context.
Geographical Skills are the techniques that geographers use in their investigations, both in fieldwork and in the classroom. Students learn to think critically about the methods used to obtain, represent, analyse and interpret information and communicate findings. Key skills developed through Australian Curriculum: Geography include formulating a question and research plan, recording and data representation skills, using a variety of spatial technologies and communicating with appropriate geographical vocabulary.
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